Virtual Talk: Fundamental Gap Estimate for Convex Domains

Guofang Wei
University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)

In their celebrated work, B. Andrews and J. Clutterbuck proved the fundamental gap conjecture that difference of first two eigenvalues of the Laplacian with Dirichlet boundary condition on convex domain with diameter D in the Euclidean space is greater than or equal to $3\pi^2/D^2$. In several joint works with X. Dai, Z. He, S. Seto, L. Wang (in various subsets) the estimate is generalized, showing the same lower bound holds for convex domains in the unit sphere. In sharp contrast, in recent joint work with T. Bourni, J. Clutterbuck, X. Nguyen, A. Stancu and V. Wheeler, we prove that the product of the fundamental gap with the square of the diameter can be arbitrarily small for convex domains of any diameter in hyperbolic space. Very recently, jointed with X. Nguyen, A. Stancu, we show that even for horoconvex domains in the hyperbolic space, the product of their fundamental gap with the square of their diameter has no positive lower bound.

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