On mix-norms and the rate of decay of correlations

Jean-Luc Thiffeault
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Two quantitative notions of mixing are the decay of correlations and the decay of a mix-norm --- a negative Sobolev norm --- and the intensity of mixing can be measured by the rates of decay of these quantities. From duality, correlations are uniformly dominated by a mix-norm; but can they decay asymptotically faster than the mix-norm? We answer this question by constructing an observable with correlation that comes arbitrarily close to achieving the decay rate of the mix-norm. Therefore the mix-norm is the sharpest rate of decay of correlations in both the uniform sense and the asymptotic sense. Moreover, there exists an observable with correlation that decays at the same rate as the mix-norm if and only if the rate of decay of the mix-norm is achieved by its projection onto low-frequency Fourier modes. In this case, the function being mixed is called q-recurrent; otherwise it is q-transient. We use this classification to study several examples and raise questions for future investigations. Joint work with Bryan Oakley and Charlie Doering.

Presentation (PDF File)

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