We consider image denoising problems formulated as variational problems. It is known that Hamilton-Jacobi PDEs govern the solution of such optimization problems when the noise model is additive. In this work, we address certain non-additive noise models and show that they are also related to Hamilton-Jacobi PDEs. These findings allow us to establish new connections between additive and non-additive noise imaging models. Specifically, we study how the solutions to these optimization problems depend on the parameters and the observed images. We show that the optimal values are ruled by some Hamilton-Jacobi PDEs, while the optimizers are characterized by the spatial gradient of the solution to the Hamilton-Jacobi PDEs. With these connections, some non-convex models for non-additive noise can be solved by applying convex optimization algorithms to the equivalent convex models for additive noise. Several numerical results are provided for denoising problems with Poisson noise or multiplicative noise, which shows an improvement of our models compared to the literature. This is a joint work with Jerome Darbon and Elena Resmerita.
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