Recent advances in molecular probes, personalized or individualized medicine has raised many interesting and challenging mathematical problems. The workshop’s topics will include some of the current major technologies and emerging mathematical problems in biomedical imaging. The emphasis will be on the interface between Mathematics and Biomedical Imaging, thus, to promote new ideas and research at the frontiers of interdisciplinary studies. The aims of the workshop are to identify important research direction and opportunities in mathematics induced by problems coming from imaging applications as well as to promote collaborations that will lead to mathematically-based better solution of practical problems in biomedical imaging applications. The format of the workshop will encourage communications and collaborations between mathematicians and scientists from these fields of applications. The topics of the workshop will include, but are not limited to, mathematical aspects and practical problems in mathematics for image processing and reconstruction; mathematical problems, models and methods in biomedical imaging technologies; molecular imaging approaches (PET/SPECT/Fluorescence/ Bioluminiscence); mathematical problems, models and methods in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT); and optimization techniques in inverse problems.