Seismic tomography images of the Earth's interior are key to the characterisation of earthquakes, natural resource exploration, seismic risk assessment, tsunami warning, and studies of geodynamic processes. While tomography has drawn a fascinating picture of our planet, today's individual researchers can exploit only a fraction of the rapidly expanding seismic data volume. Applications relying on tomographic images lag behind their potential; fundamental questions remain unanswered: Do mantle plumes exist in the deep Earth? What are the properties of active faults, and how do they affect earthquake ground motion?
To address these questions and to ensure continued progress of seismic tomography in the 'Big Data' era, we propose new technological developments that enable a paradigm shift in Earth model construction towards a Collaborative Seismic Earth Model (CSEM). Fully accounting for the physics of wave propagation in the complex 3D Earth, the CSEM is envisioned to evolve successively through a systematic group effort, thus going beyond the tomographic models that individual researchers may construct today.
The CSEM project bridges the gap between local and global tomography, and deliver the first multiscale model of the Earth where crust and mantle are jointly resolved. It offers Earth scientists the unique opportunity to join forces in the discovery of multiscale Earth structure by systematically building on each other's results.
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