Model-based optimization of oil and gas production

Jan-Dirk Jansen
Delft University of Technology
Geoscience & Engineering

The recovery of oil from subsurface reservoirs often requires the injection of water or gas to maintain reservoir pressure and to displace the oil from injection to production wells. The design of an economically optimal recovery strategy is usually based on 'reservoir simulation', i.e. large-scale numerical simulation of the flow of multiphase fluids through strongly heterogeneous porous media with uncertain coefficients. Control of the recovery process is through prescribing time-varying pressures or flow rates in the wells. Efficient methods to optimize the recovery strategy make use of gradients of an economic objective function with respect to the well controls at every time step. These can be obtained most efficiently with the aid of adjoint-based techniques, but other, less code intrusive, methods are also used. Uncertainty in the coefficients can be incorporated through robust optimization over an ensemble of models. ‘Closed-loop’ optimization can be performed through frequent repetition of the optimization during the producing life of the field in combination with updating the of the model coefficients based on production measurements.

Presentation (PDF File)

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